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Daqin Christian Pagoda in Zhouzhi Xian China


The Daqin Pagoda is the remnant of the oldest surviving Christian Church in China. Located about 2 km to the West of Lou Guan Wan Temple, this Pagoda can be found in Chang-An, Shaanxi Province. Churches and monasteries were built by early Nestorian missionaries in 640. Daqin is the name of the Roman Empire in Chinese language documents from the 1st to 2nd centuries.

Daqin Pagoda

The Daqin Pagoda is the remnant of the oldest surviving Christian Church in China. Located about 2 km to the West of Lou Guan Wan Temple, this Pagoda can be found in Chang-An, Shaanxi Province. Churches and monasteries were built by early Nestorian missionaries in 640. Daqin is the name of the Roman Empire in Chinese language documents from the 1st to 2nd centuries.

In 845, the persecution of Christians in China caused them to be abandoned. A Buddhist temple was later installed in the Pagoda much later in 1300. In 1556, the Pagoda was badly damaged by the earthquake and was finally abandoned. Daqin was “rediscovered” in 1998 and is now recognized as an important part of the history of early Christianity in China. Daqin Pagoda is also classified as a key heritage site under state protection.

The door on the front side of the first floor is around 1.38 m and the wall itself is about 4 meters thick. This pagoda has four doors on the first floor and the rest has 2 doors. The pent-up roof is narrow and has brick brackets underneath. A replica of the Nestorian inscription and the stone which has been stricken, both of which have been installed outside the Pagoda. “History of Christianity”, the BBC’s 2009 program, the exterior of the Pagoda and its surroundings are featured in the first episode.

Daqin Christian Pagoda In Zhouzhi Xian China

Artistic works in both Asiatic and Western styles can still be found inside the Daqin Pagoda, among which are scenes of the birth of Jesus (portrayal of the birth of Jesus), Jonah on the walls of Nineveh and the Syrian graffiti. Many of them are works of art made from mud and plaster.

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